Down to Earth | Monsoon wildlife

Indrella Ampulla, snail, snails, pollachi papyrus, pollachi, valparai, anamalais, anamalai tiger reserve, monsoon, wildlife, macro, leeches, millipede, ferns, worms, hammerheaded worm, impatients, shield tail snakes,
Indrella Ampulla | Image - Nachappa Aramanamada

Every year in the month of May, when the heat is at its peak and the Earth parched and dry, everyone eagerly waits for the press release by the meteorological department with predictions for the monsoon. The date of arrival, distribution patterns, etc., all hold interest to the people of our country. This helps the entire nation gear up for the good times that rains bring with them and do so with plenty of hope. Particularly in a state like Tamil Nadu that has a large agrarian populace. Across the subcontinent, plants and animals, man and beast, organisms big and small, all wait for the rains that soak the earth. They have all managed to survive the harsh summer and are now looking forward for the showers that give respite from the heat.

Indrella Ampulla, snail, snails, pollachi papyrus, pollachi, valparai, anamalais, anamalai tiger reserve, monsoon, wildlife, macro, leeches, millipede, ferns, worms, hammerheaded worm, impatients, shield tail snakes, waterfalls
Image – Harishvara Venkat

Trees, exhausted after producing flowers and seeds, busy themselves with the onset of the monsoon. They now produce new leaves, shoots and branches whereby they cover the landscape with a green cloak. Various other organisms that were lying in wait for favorable conditions make an appearance too – all trying to make the most of the short period of plenty. Our jungles too quickly don a green garb and look very vibrant.

Indrella Ampulla, snail, snails, pollachi papyrus, pollachi, valparai, anamalais, anamalai tiger reserve, monsoon, wildlife, macro, leeches, millipede, ferns, worms, hammerheaded worm, impatients, shield tail snakes,
Image – Pravin Shanmughanandam

As you walk through the forest, some things catch your attention. But one that you may notice only after you have come out of the forest are The Leeches!

Indrella Ampulla, snail, snails, pollachi papyrus, pollachi, valparai, anamalais, anamalai tiger reserve, monsoon, wildlife, macro, leeches, millipede, ferns, worms, hammerheaded worm, impatients, shield tail snakes,
Leech | Image – Sajeesh Radhakrishnan

These little creatures don’t waste any time either; they become active with the first rains of the monsoon. A keen observer would probably notice the little leech sitting on low vegetation as they try to sense your presence in hope of clinging on to you for a meal of blood.

Indrella Ampulla, snail, snails, pollachi papyrus, pollachi, valparai, anamalais, anamalai tiger reserve, monsoon, wildlife, macro, leeches, millipede, ferns, worms, hammerheaded worm, impatients, shield tail snakes,
Leech | Image – Harishvara Venkat

However, often it is only when it gets out of your shoes that you realize that some of these slimy leeches have managed to even get through your socks to satisfy their hunger.

Indrella Ampulla, snail, snails, pollachi papyrus, pollachi, valparai, anamalais, anamalai tiger reserve, monsoon, wildlife, macro, leeches, millipede, ferns, worms, hammerheaded worm, impatients, shield tail snakes,
Hammerheaded worm | Image – Pravin Shanmughanandam

More noticeable though is the hammerheaded worm. It is easily identified by its very characteristic form. These worms leave behind a glistening slime trail as they move about on the vegetation. What is more? These are predators and are out to make a meal of snails and its ilk.

Indrella Ampulla, snail, snails, pollachi papyrus, pollachi, valparai, anamalais, anamalai tiger reserve, monsoon, wildlife, macro, leeches, millipede, ferns, worms, hammerheaded worm, impatients, shield tail snakes,
Indrella Ampulla | Image – Nachappa Aramanamada

Snails that spend the hot dry months hiding, come out in good numbers during the monsoons months. One species that is very special is the large, colourful and charismatic Indrella ampulla. This beautiful snail is an endemic of the Western Ghats where it is seen on the forest floor.

Indrella Ampulla, snail, snails, pollachi papyrus, pollachi, valparai, anamalais, anamalai tiger reserve, monsoon, wildlife, macro, leeches, millipede, ferns, worms, hammerheaded worm, impatients, shield tail snakes,
Millipede | Image – Karthikeyan Srinivasan

Here it shares the space with the millipedes. These ancient arthropods can be seen moving about, seemingly, at leisure on the forest floor. The millipedes largely feed on decaying organic matter. The manner in which many millipedes form a coil when disturbed, may be familiar to many of us.

Indrella Ampulla, snail, snails, pollachi papyrus, pollachi, valparai, anamalais, anamalai tiger reserve, monsoon, wildlife, macro, leeches, millipede, ferns, worms, hammerheaded worm, impatients, shield tail snakes,
Millipede and Frog | Image – Nachappa Aramanamada

In the forests, during the rainy season, while looking at snails and millipedes, one could also stumble upon snakes – particularly the shieldtails. These are non-venomous snakes. They are particularly visible during the wet season as they come out of their burrows to the surface. They are best seen in areas with good leaf litter.

Indrella Ampulla, snail, snails, pollachi papyrus, pollachi, valparai, anamalais, anamalai tiger reserve, monsoon, wildlife, macro, leeches, millipede, ferns, worms, hammerheaded worm, impatients, shield tail snakes,
Shield tail Snake | Image – Harishvara Venkat

All the leaf litter and other organic matter also support a plethora of plants in these forests. In these wet forests, Impatiens are particularly noticeable near water, road sides, mud banks and other situations. They add colour to the otherwise dull forest floor. Most can be seen through the rainy months after which they wilt away, only to be seen with the onset of the monsoon the following year.

Indrella Ampulla, snail, snails, pollachi papyrus, pollachi, valparai, anamalais, anamalai tiger reserve, monsoon, wildlife, macro, leeches, millipede, ferns, worms, hammerheaded worm, impatients, shield tail snakes,
Maiden Hair Fern | Image – Pravin Shanmughanandam

Many a time, ferns are also seen alongside the Impatiens. A whole array of different species of ferns occupy different niches in the forest. Many grow on the forest floor while others perch pretty atop other trees.

Indrella Ampulla, snail, snails, pollachi papyrus, pollachi, valparai, anamalais, anamalai tiger reserve, monsoon, wildlife, macro, leeches, millipede, ferns, worms, hammerheaded worm, impatients, shield tail snakes,
Impatients Latifolia | Image – Harishvara Venkat

This monsoon, when you are in the outdoors, keep your eyes open for these and many other life forms; else you will end up waiting for a whole year to see them in action again!

Written By

Karthik, Chief Naturalist, Jungle Lodges and Resorts - Karnataka, has nurtured a deep love for wildlife for over 25 years. He is an avid birdwatcher and also has a keen interest in butterflies. Karthik has also been educating and creating awareness among the young and old alike on various aspects of natural history through nature camps, talks, slide shows, and nature-based activities. In March 2013, he was conferred the Carl Zeiss Wildlife Conservation Award.

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